Explanation of Terms

Explanation of Terms

Aphasia: Difficulty speaking, understanding, reading or writing due to brain injury such as stroke, or hemorrhage.

Apraxia: Inability or difficulty performing purposeful speech, voice, or body motor movement without muscle or sensory impairment. Usually occurs following a stroke.

Authorization number: A number provided via paper or computerized permission from your insurance company to see a specialist or have a procedure. The medical professional usually obtains this information from your insurance company using appropriate ICD-9 and CPT codes.

Barium: Barium sulfate is frequently used clinically as a radio-opaque contrast for X-ray imagining.

Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code: Systematic list of codes and matching descriptions which classify medical services and procedures. Used for insurance payment purposes.

Dysarthria: Difficult and slurred speech due to weakness in the muscles used for speech (e.g., tongue, lips).

Dysphagia: Inability or difficulty swallowing

Health Maintenance Organization (HMO): A health care organization that requires members choose a primary care physician (PCP) who acts as a gatekeeper to limited access to only appropriate medical services. They also use utilization review to monitor services. You almost always will need a referral or authorization to see a specialist such as a speech pathologist.

International Classification of Diseases-9th (ICD-9) Code: A classification system that organizes diseases and injuries into groups according to established criteria. Typically a three or four digit number that matches a description of a medical problem that is used for classification, billing and insurance purposes.

Insurance Referral: Paper or computerized documentation from your Primary Care Physician (PCP), that indicates he/she is recommending you for an evaluation or treatment with a specialist and that he has applied and received permission from your insurance company.

Laryngectomy: Surgical procedure to remove structures of the head and neck anatomy for removal of cancer. The patient is left without the ability to speak using his larynx (voice box) as this is removed during this surgery. Speech pathologists play a key role in helping the patient restorative voice/speech options.

Nasalance: Measurement of the amount of air flow through the nasal cavity during speech tasks. There can be too much air flow = hypernasality or too little airflow = hyponasality

Pre-Certification: the process of confirming eligibility and collecting information prior to inpatient admissions and selected ambulatory procedures and services

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